Concept Development

Multi-Domain Engagement (MDE) Strategic Concept

TWS developed a strategic concept to integrate USSTRATCOM capabilities with the joint warfighter across the electromagnetic spectrum to include the space and cyber domains. The MDE Strategic Concept helps to delineate high-level guidance for USSTRATCOM and its subordinate commands in their development of capabilities in support of the Joint Operational Access Concept (JOAC) and Air-Sea Battle (ASB) concept through strategy-to-task assessments, capabilities and gaps assessment and advocacy, and incorporation into existing plans, operations orders and operations directives.  The report recommends how USSTRATCOM can develop and present its capabilities in the face of an Anti-Access/Area Denial (A2/AD) threat.  It supports the Commander USSTRATCOM Campaign Plan with direct linkages to the Command’s Strategic Mission Objectives (SMOs) and Intermediate Mission Objectives (IMOs).

Agent-Based Evidence Marshaling

In a collaborative team VGO Analytics and TWS have a developed analytical modeling capability founded on Agent-Based Evidence Marshaling (ABEM), a bottom-up approach which places a number of software agents into the data. Their purpose is to look at the data around them, query other agents for useful data, and develop conclusions from the data they can send to human analysts for review.  ABEM is domain-neutral and format-neutral and is designed to discover correlations among data, even when the terminology employed by different users to describe the data varies. Integrated with existing top-down methods, the ABEM approach can help analysts focus on the most productive avenues for review.  For more information on ABEM, read our short paper.

Electronic Warfare

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Program Support

TWS provides operational and technical Electronic Warfare (EW) expertise to DARPA’s Microsystems Technology Office (MTO) and Strategic Technology Office (STO). Within MTO, TWS supports DARPA’s cognitive EW programs, Advanced Radar Countermeasures (ARC) and Behavioral Learning for Adaptive EW (BLADE). Tasks include providing Senior EW subject matter expert support across all elements of EW to include Electronic Attack (EA), Electronic Warfare Support (ES), and Electronic Protection (EP); TWS also acts as the technology transition manager for the ARC and BLADE programs.
Within STO, TWS provides system matter expertise (SME) to the entire A2AD breaker office vision. Efforts include the 5 year, System of Systems Integration, Technology, and Experimentation (SoSITE) program developing architectures to better enable the future war fighter with manned/unmanned/weapons/sensors collaborative capability. TWS also provides SME support to DARPA’s ReACT program, developing coherent synchronized tactical jamming from manned and unmanned systems taking advantage of revolutionary strides in clock speeds and airborne processing.


Joint Electronic Protection for Air Combat (JEPAC) Electronic Warfare Modeling and Simulation Engine (JEMSE) program.

The continuing development and proliferation of digital electronics in the EW world, as exemplified by Digital Radio Frequency Memory (DRFM) based jamming systems, has demonstrated the enduring impact of electronic attack on sensors, communications, and other RF-related systems that are not prepared to deal with these effects. At the same time, the ability of Services to train against these technologies is increasingly constrained by encroachments on ranges, airspace, military use frequencies, budgets, and many other components of realistic, live training. While live training remains the gold standard for warfighter preparation, these encroachments make it increasingly difficult to provide high fidelity training to our warfighter.  The objective of this project is to develop a high-fidelity, operationally-relevant M&S EW Engine which can operate across specified components of the DoD M&S enterprise to complement, supplement, and prepare our warfighters for mission success.  TWS serves as the Program Manager for this effort working as a team member with ARA

NAVAIR, Pt Mugu Electronic Warfare Integration Laboratory (EWIL)

TWS is providing SME support and Project Management support to the Naval Air Warfare Center, Weapons Division (NAWCWD) Pt Mugu EWIL in their upgrade to a digital Electronic Warfare Arena to establish a laboratory environment for development and testing of advanced electronic warfare capabilities. This laboratory environment will consist of integrated modeling and simulation (M&S) and direct-connect hardware in the loop (HWIL) systems, providing developers of new electronic warfare technologies an arena in which they can test their products in an operationally relevant environment. This environment will include a mix of hardware systems, hardware surrogates, and software models of systems that co-exist in the same operationally representative environment. It integrates existing simulation environments such as the Joint Electronic Warfare Effects Laboratory (JEWEL), the Electronic Combat Simulation and Evaluation Laboratory (ECSEL) and the Anechoic Chamber (HEATR) at Pt. Mugu NAS, CA.

EW Integrated Mission Planning, Analysis, and Coordination Tool EW-IMPACT (EW IMPACT)

TWS has developed a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) construct for organizing, planning, coordinating, and assessing Electronic Warfare (EW) activities at the operational level of war. Theater Spectrum Integrated Services or THESIS, is targeted to provide Joint and Service EW Coordination Cells with the tools they need to organize, plan, coordinate and assess EW activities across Range of Military Operations. In partnership with the Space and Naval Warfare Center Atlantic (SPAWAR LANT), THESIS has been joined with SPAWARs Electronic Target Folder (ETF) effort and has evolved into a concept called EW Integrated Mission Planning, Analysis, and Coordination Tool EW-IMPACT (EW IMPACT).  EW-IMPACT will integrate dispersed EW intelligence systems and databases with other EW tools already being used or in development into an automated, common planning process.

Operations Research

Through a strategic partnership with Dynamic Analytics and Test, Inc (DA&T), TWS has provided senior analyst and subject matter expertise to a number of top ten defense industry companies.  TWS has provided assistance with requirements development (to include Capability Based Assessment and Initial Capability Document development), quality functional deployment (QFD) workshops, CONOPS and CONEMP development, qualitative and quantitative analysis, campaign level modeling and simulation analysis. TWS has specialized in defining the Operational Context for analysis efforts addressing all the components of Electronic Warfare, Electronic Intelligence, and advanced geo-location capabilities


US Air Force Intelligence Analysis

TWS provides senior leader expertise and analysis experience to the Air Force Analysis Division (AF/A2DA) to support the Air Force’s initiative to revolutionize analysis with the goal of better enabling US decision advantage. TWS is helping to develop and standardize analysis tenets, tradecraft standards, operational processes, and a common lexicon. TWS is drafting first-ever AF-level policy and guidance that will unify the AF intelligence analysis enterprise and empower air/space/cyber intelligence analysts in meeting operational requirements across the full range of military operations. TWS efforts include incorporating big data analytic concepts and improving Air Force intelligence analysis integration with other DoD and national analysis capabilities.

National Air and Space Intelligence Center (NASIC) Project Support

TWS is providing Subject Matter Expertise (SME) and project consulting to the National Air and Space Intelligence Center (NASIC). Project CHIMERA leverages from the Threat Modeling Analysis Program (TMAP) and takes advantage of Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) technology to provide high-fidelity sensor emulations offering real-time interaction (with other models or hardware) through the use of hardware acceleration. This allows for highly detailed system representation without the limitations of pure software implementations. Using software models hosted on an FPGA, CHIMERA is able to provide a software-based, hardware-enabled emulation of systems and generate live-RF. As a result, the CHIMERA concept, based on a set of low cost Commercial Off The Shelf (COTS) tools and technologies, has the potential to radically change the way we approach threat sensor emulation with direct impact to acquisition, training and policy making.

Global Awareness Presentation System (GAPS)

GAPS provides analysts and other decision makers the capability to generate Machine-to-Machine (M2M) visualization products from disparate and dispersed data services (Figure 1).  GAPS is used to provide full-dimensional (Latitude, Longitude, Altitude, and Time) geospatial event products and to support decision making, resource allocation modeling and simulation as well as general Situational Awareness (SA).  GAPS hosts visually fused Global Shared Situational Awareness services supporting agile Net-Centric Operations on NIPRNET, SIPRNET and JWICS.  GAPS provides users with a User-Defined decision-focused view of operational environments that organizes disparate C2ISR data sources for situational awareness (SA) and enables collaboration for timely decision-making in a distributed environment.  TWS serves as in a advisory support role to Spiral Solutions and Technologies


Agile Cyber Technology

TWS has teamed as a sub-contractor with Radiance Technologies, Inc. in supporting AFRL’s Agile Cyber Technology program.   The scope of this effort is to perform multiple activities necessary to achieve AFRL’s Science and Technology vision of cyber superiority.  Specific areas of focus include:

  • Cyber Threat Avoidance & Cyber Defense
  • Full Spectrum Cyber Operations
  • Cyber Network Exploitation
  • Cyber Situational and Mission Awareness
  • Cyber Command and Control
  • Cyber Modeling, Simulation, and War Gaming
  • Cyber Infrastructure
  • Cyber Mission Assurance

Scientific Enhancements to Networked Domains and Secure Social Spaces (SENDS)

SENDS is an effort to promote and direct Cyberspace and Network Science.  Project sponsored by DoD Office of the Director of Research and Engineering and the US Air Force Institute of Technology’s Center for Cyberspace Research.  The aim of the group is to incorporate the critical role of emergence and begin to effectively explain and predict the nature of cyberspace and its inherent social and human interactions.  The first area addressed is cybersecurity.  There are four tasks associated with this project 1) agent-based modeling and simulation to understand complex network problems (the  task will look at merging models of a physical network along with the agent-based model of human behavior on the network.  The goal is to look at human interaction in cyberspace to gain a better understanding of resultant emergent behavior and its impact on cybersecurity. ),  2) working on curriculum and teaching activities for cyber security, 3) creating the structure for a Center for Network Science and 4) create a consortium to support these activities.  The distinctiveness of the SENDS approach is to examine the foundations of cyberspace and the associated human-interactive impacts on cyberspace from a highly collaborative, multidisciplinary, interagency perspective that consistently enforces the principles of the scientific method at its very core.  TWS serves as the Deputy Project Director for this project working as a team member for the Prime contractor, Directed Technologies, Inc.  Mr Harm is a published co-contributor to the SENDS publicly accessible SENDSblog

Conference Coordination

Third Wave Strategies has worked with the Association of Old Crows to provide conference coordination services for AOC conferences focused on Intelligence and Electronic Warfare Reprogramming. TWS has also provided conference chairman services to international EW conferences in both the Pacific and Europe. As conference coordinator, TWS provides agenda planning to include; development of a conference theme and objectives, selecting topics and writing a conference agenda, and identifying and inviting appropriate speakers. TWS also serves as the conference chairman during the conference and develops and publishes a final report of conference discussions and action items.